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A Guide To Lighting Types

Posted on October 1, 2020 by Hugh Kollosche
To achieve the best possible lighting for your home at least three different types of lighting need to be considered within the lighting scheme. If you are not sure where to start, here’s a little crash course on the three general types of lighting. You can use all three types in any room; still you may not need all of them for spaces such as a walk in pantry, walk-in-robes and laundry rooms. The three main types of lighting: ambient, task and decorative.

Ambient Lighting

  Ambient lighting is the general or background lighting that provides the overall illumination and is the main source of light within an interior. It is the natural daylight as well as the lighting that substitutes for natural light, most commonly a central light in a room. Having a central source of ambient light in all rooms is fundamental to a good lighting plan. Ambient lighting is the most basic of the three types of lighting – it is the base to which task and decorative lighting are added in order to create a great, flexible lighting schemes. LED Lighting is an effective and highly efficient way to establish ambient lighting. Glass trim white square LED down light available online or in store.

Task Lighting


Task lighting is specific, directional lighting and unlike ambient lighting, which illuminates an entire room, task lighting concentrates light on a particular area where some task is being performed e.g. reading lamps, desk lamps, vanity lights, kitchen under-cabinet lights etc. Task lighting is not intended to replace ambient lighting, but rather to complement it with aimed, focused light. It should be bright enough to keep the eyes from straining, but also free of any distracting glare. ALTRANI LED task flexi desk lamp available online or in store.

Decorative Lighting

Decorative lighting includes chandeliers, pendants, table lamps and some wall lights. The appearance – design and form of decorative lighting is generally more important than the brightness of the light. For example, pendant light or a chandelier could be considered an ambient light fitting, however, when dimmed down it becomes a decorative fitting. Accent lighting is also considered decorative lighting as it adds drama and style by highlighting key objects and focal points in interiors – artwork, paintings, plants or other collectible items and can help create a particular mood to the area. Accent lighting gives depth and shade – creating shadows in some corners and pools of light in others. It draws the eye to areas of visual interest. COASTAL 231001 Graceful Empire/Regency styled pendant in handcrafted timber beads and supported by decorative aged iron frame. Available online or in store. All rooms need a variety of lighting: ambient or background lighting, task lighting for close-up work or decorative/accent lighting to highlight special features. Discount Lighting Queensland’s trained staff welcomes the opportunity to assist you with the correct type of lighting to improve the overall look and function ability of your home lighting.